tax increases under any circumstances. it is a pledge offered by grover n norquist, the founder and president for tax reform. let me read the pledge to you. it reads as follows, i, blank, pledge to the taxpayers of the blank district in the state of blank and to the american people that i will, one, oppose any and all efforts to increase the margeal income tax rate for individuals and businesses, and two, oppose any net elimination of reduction or elimination of reductions and credits unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates. in the current congress, the one in place until january, 238 representatives and 41 senators have signed. by the way, one senate democrat, ben nelson of nebraska, and two house democrats, robert andrews of new jersey and ben chandler of kentucky, have also signed it. neither nelson or chandler will be in the new congress, but the people who won their seats have also signed the pledge.